Parenteel is the Dutch word for an overview of descendants in the male and female lines. A parenteel can be represented in a narrative form or in a chart. It can include people with many different last names, as the descendants of daughters and their spouses are traced too. Some Dutch genealogists publish parentelen online, so a search for the term parenteel combined with a surname or place name of interest may lead you to these publications.
Example: Parenteel of Egbert Mierdinck
The largest parenteel in my own database is that of Egbert Mierdinck, a serf who lived in Winterswijk, Gelderland in the year 1468. My population reconstruction of Winterswijk and the surrounding area contains over 5,000 descendants of his, including over 700 people who emigrated to the United States between 1840 and 1920.
I am a descendant of Egbert through at least fourteen different lines. I believe that all Winterswijkers today are descendants of his (except recent arrivals, of course) and I challenge you all to find me the one Winterswijker who is not!