Dutch term – Particulier

A particulier is a private person, someone not working for the government and not a business. For instance, when you buy something, it is important whether you buy it as a particulier (consumer) or as a business since your warranty may be different.

In some records, the term was used to indicate a person who did not receive an income from current employment or running a business. This does not necessarily mean that the person was unemployed or poor, it could also be a person of independent means or someone who was retired. The female form is particuliere.

You will often encounter particulier in population registers in the beroep (occupation) column, or in civil registration records. For some clerks, it seems to have been the catch-all occupation if they did not know what a person did for a living.

Woman leaning on her arm with a vacant look in her eyes

Idleness, 17th century. Credits: Lucas Vorsterman, Rijksmuseum

About Yvette Hoitink

Yvette Hoitink, MLitt, CG®, QG™ is a professional genealogist, writer, and lecturer in the Netherlands. She has a Master of Letters in Family and Local History from the University of Dundee, and holds the Certification of Genealogist and Qualified Genealogist credentials. Yvette served on the Board of Directors of the Association of Professional Genealogists and won excellence awards for her articles in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly and the Association of Professional Genealogists Quarterly. Yvette has been doing genealogy for over 30 years. She helps people from across the world find their ancestors from the Netherlands and its former colonies, including New Netherland. Read about Yvette's professional genealogy services.

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