Dutch term – Doodsoorzaak

The doodsoorzaak is the cause of death. Dutch civil registration death records don't record the cause of death. See How to find the cause of death for some other possibilities. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Noaber

In the Low Saxon dialect spoken in the eastern parts of the Netherlands, a noaber is a neighbor. The duties of a noaber were quite extensive. When a new person moved into the neighborhood, they would expect to be invited for a strong drink. They would help with renovations of the house. During childbirth, female neighbors would assist the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Naarderschap

"Naarderschap" is a term you may find in court records in the southern provinces of the Netherlands if somebody claims the right of first purchase because of kinship to the seller. They could purchase the property by matching the price that other buyers were willing to pay. See also Naastingsrecht. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – J.M. and J.D.

Two abbreviations you may often find in older marriage records are J.M. and J.D. "J.M." stands for Jonge Man, literally: young man. "J.D." stands for Jonge Dochter, literally: young daughter. They refer to the marital status of the person, indicating they are single and this is their first marriage. The word jong/young has no relation to … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Broodzegel

A broodzegel (literally: bread seal) is an old way to seal documents using bread and paper. In the late Middle Ages, smaller wax seals were sometimes covered with paper to help preserve the imprint. Sometimes, bread or dough was used instead of wax. Such a seal would be called a broodzegel. Source: Photo and information from … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Elders

Elders means "somewhere else." You can encounter the term in church records, court records, or notarial records, to indicate that somebody is absent, or in a phrase like elders getrouwd [married somewhere else]. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Aanwas

Aanwas means increase. The term can often be found in reference to increase in land because of river deposits. Laws specified who owned the aanwas. Sometimes neighbors argued about the rights to the newly created land, for example if one property owner lost land because of erosion while his neighbor gained land due to deposits. These conflicts … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Kaartenbak

A kaartenbak is a card catalog. Creating card catalogs was the popular way to index genealogical records before the computer age. Not all kaartenbakken have been made available online, so a quick survey of the available catalogs in a reading room is a good first step in a research plan. Archives often use one of three strategies to make this … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Tweeling

The Dutch word tweeling (literally: two-ling) means twins. Similarly, drieling means triplets, vierling means quadruplets, vijfling means quintuplets, and zesling means sextuplets. The word tweeling is used for the set of twins. There is no singular Dutch word for a twin. You can say "ik heb een tweelingbroer" [I have a twin brother], "ik heb … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Schutterij

The schutterij is the citizen militia responsible for the defense of the town. In times of war, they could be called up to defend the country. Schutterijen existed throughout the Netherlands from at least the 1500s. Regulations for the schutterijen were standardized in 1814. Male residents between the ages of 18 and 50 (from 1827: between 25 and … [Read more...]