Dutch term – Rekening

A rekening is an account or bill. Stadsrekeningen (city accounts) for example, record the income and expenses of a city. You can also find rekeningen in orphan chamber records, showing the assets and debts of an estate to determine the money owed to the orphans. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Onderwijzer

An onderwijzer was a teacher at a primary school. Appointments of teachers of public schools can often be found in the municipal administration or town records. Appointments of teachers of religious schools can often be found in the records of the church.   … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Tijdschrift

A tijdschrift is a magazine. Many Dutch tijdschriften have been digitized and are available on Delpher. See the quick tip Find magazines and journals on Delpher for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Voorkind

A voorkind, literally a before-child, is a child born before the marriage. In the 1900s, this term was commonly used for a child born out of wedlock, before the mother was married. In the 1600s and 1700s, it could be used to describe the children of a previous marriage. For example, in a will, you may find a parent describing what to leave to … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Zomer

Zomer means summer.Traditionally, summer was the time for harvesting. Even outside the summer holidays, school attendance was lower in the summer in rural areas, because children were kept home to help bring the harvest in. Summer is a nice period to visit the Netherlands, although popular tourist destinations can be overcrowded. Opening hours … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Beroep

The beroep is the occupation of your ancestors. Knowing the beroep not only gives you some insights into your ancestors lives, but can help you in your research since different occupations created different types of records. See the article How to Find your Dutch Ancestor's Occupation for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Nakomeling

A nakomeling (literally: one who comes after) is a descendant. It's a term you may encounter in wills or endowments, for example when certain branches of the family get an inheritance or rights to a recurring payment or other provision. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – IJzergieterij

An ijzergieterij is an iron foundry. Especially during the industrial revolution in the 1800s, iron and steel became an important building material and ingredient for many items. The first foundry started in 1689, to supply arms to the army. By the late 1800s, dozens of foundries operated throughout the Netherlands. They were essential to the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Bedstee

A bedstee was a bedstead. Typically, it was a closet in the kitchen or living room where people slept. At night, the doors would be closed to contain the body heat. The bedstead would be short, typically less than 1.50 m/5 feet, since people slept upright. Some bedsteads had a shelf for a crib, or a drawer underneath the bed where infants would … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Kantklossen

Kantklossen is the art of making bobbin lace. It is made by twisting threads using bobbins. Pins hold the lace in place while it is being made. Bobbin lace took a lot of time to create and was expensive. Having clothes with bobbin lace was a sign of wealth and can be seen in many paintings and inventories of richer people. … [Read more...]