Dutch term – Marinier

A marinier is a marine. Muster rolls for marines from the period 1813-1940 can be found at the National Archives in The Hague. Some of the records were lost in World War II. The surviving records have been indexed (see "Marine"). See Finding your Maritime Ancestors for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Armenzorg

Armenzorg means "care for the poor." You can often find it as a topic in finding aids. See poor relief in the Netherlands in the 1600s for background information about this subject. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Dominee

A dominee is a minister, a protestant clergyman. The word comes from the Latin dominus which means "mister" or "lord." Dominees can be found since the reformation in the 1500s. Most of the north-western parts of the Netherlands became Dutch Reformed, while many of the south-eastern parts remained Catholic. Dominees can be found in different … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Nedersaksisch

Nedersaksisch is the Dutch word for Low Saxon, a language spoken in the north-east of the Netherlands and across the eastern border in Germany. It has different dialects, including Gronings (in Groningen), Drents (in Drenthe), Twents (east of Overijssel), and Achterhoeks (east of Gelderland). In 1998 it was recognized as an official regional … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Pandemie

A pandemie is a pandemic. The 1918 Spanish flu pandemic hit the Netherlands pretty hard. About 38,000 people died. The province of Drenthe had the most cases. Here is an image of children going to school outdoors, in the dead of winter in 1918. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Mannelijke en Vrouwelijke Lijn

In Dutch, the mannelijke lijn is the male line, and the vrouwelijke lijn is the female line. Traditionally, many Dutch publications have focused on the male line only. Over the past few decades, it has become common to focus on both male and female lines, both in terms of descendants and ancestors. Most Dutch genealogists I know are researching … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Gevangene

A gevangene is a prisoner. Imprisonment as punishment became popular in the 1800s, after corporal punishment was largely abolished. For information about prisoners, see Source - Prison records. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Inwoner and bewoner

An inwoner is a resident of a location. For example, someone could be an inwoner of Amsterdam, or of the Netherlands. The word does not imply citizenship, just residence. A¬†bewoner is a resident of a building. For example, someone could be a bewoner of a house or nursing home. … [Read more...]

Quick Tip – West-Friesland is not in Friesland

In the early Middle Ages, the whole area between the Zwin and Weser rivers was called Frisia/Friesland. The current province of Friesland in the Netherlands is in the middle of that region, but the former area of Frisia was much larger. To this day, part of the province of Noord-Holland is known as "West-Friesland" [West Frisia] and part of … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Gemeenteverslag

A gemeenteverslag is a municipal report. Since 1851, municipalities were required to write an annual report about the state of the municipality. These can be a great source of background information about your ancestors. See source: municipal report for more explanation about this source and how to use them. … [Read more...]