Dutch term – IJzergieterij

An¬†ijzergieterij is an iron foundry. Especially during the industrial revolution in the 1800s, iron and steel became an important building material and ingredient for many items. The first foundry started in 1689, to supply arms to the army. By the late 1800s, dozens of foundries operated throughout the Netherlands. They were essential to the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Bedstee

A bedstee was a bedstead. Typically, it was a closet in the kitchen or living room where people slept. At night, the doors would be closed to contain the body heat. The bedstead would be short, typically less than 1.50 m/5 feet, since people slept upright. Some bedsteads had a shelf for a crib, or a drawer underneath the bed where infants would … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Kantklossen

Kantklossen is the art of making bobbin lace. It is made by twisting threads using bobbins. Pins hold the lace in place while it is being made. Bobbin lace took a lot of time to create and was expensive. Having clothes with bobbin lace was a sign of wealth and can be seen in many paintings and inventories of richer people. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Kwartierherhaling

Kwartierherhaling, literally "repetition of quarters," means pedigree collapse: the situation where the same people appear in multiple places in your pedigree chart. That means you descend from the same person or couple in different ways. If your ancestors are from small towns in the Netherlands, sooner or later you'll run into … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Schout

In many parts of the Netherlands, the schout used to be the term for mayor or sheriff. The schout represented the overlord and oversaw the administration and court in a district. His role combined those of a modern mayor, judge, and police commissioner. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Notaris

A notaris is a notary. In many parts of the Netherlands, notaries were the record creators for many aspects of our ancestors' lives, for example when they wanted to draw up a prenuptial agreement, a contract to sell property, a work contract, or a will. See the article about notarial records for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Doodsoorzaak

The doodsoorzaak is the cause of death. Dutch civil registration death records don't record the cause of death. See How to find the cause of death for some other possibilities. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Noaber

In the Low Saxon dialect spoken in the eastern parts of the Netherlands, a noaber is a neighbor. The duties of a noaber were quite extensive. When a new person moved into the neighborhood, they would expect to be invited for a strong drink. They would help with renovations of the house. During childbirth, female neighbors would assist the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Naarderschap

"Naarderschap" is a term you may find in court records in the southern provinces of the Netherlands if somebody claims the right of first purchase because of kinship to the seller. They could purchase the property by matching the price that other buyers were willing to pay. See also Naastingsrecht. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – J.M. and J.D.

Two abbreviations you may often find in older marriage records are J.M. and J.D. "J.M." stands for Jonge Man, literally: young man. "J.D." stands for Jonge Dochter, literally: young daughter. They refer to the marital status of the person, indicating they are single and this is their first marriage. The word jong/young has no relation to … [Read more...]