Dutch term – Pokkenbriefje

A pokkenbriefje is a pox letter, given by a doctor to confirm that a child has been vaccinated against the pox. In 1823, a new law required all children to submit a pokkenbriefje before they were admitted in school. Pokkenbriefjes can sometimes be found in school records. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Selectielijst

A selectielijst literally means a selection list. Archives publish selectielijsten to announce their retention policies for records created by a specific government agency. For each series on the list, it will indicate whether it will be permantly preserved or after how many years it will be destroyed. The selectielijsten are put up for public … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Octrooi

An octrooi is a patent. Historically, octrooien were not just required to protect inventions, but also to enter into certain types of businesses, similar to what we'd call a permit today. An octrooi could also grant permission to publish a book in a certain area. Octrooien can often be found in the records of the landlords or the government. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Prentbriefkaart

A prentbriefkaart or ansichtkaart is a postcard. Postcards became popular in the early 1900s. Old postcards can give you a good idea of what the town looked like when your ancestors were living there. It's also worth asking family members if any of them have old postcards. Among the papers I inherited from my grandfather and grandmother were … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Notulen

Notulen are minutes. They can be found in the records created by many different types of people and organizations, such as church councils or the municipal government. They can contain a variety of information. Archival descriptions in finding aids often don't index the minutes but simply label the boxes as notulen and their period. You will … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Zondag

Zondag is the Dutch word for Sunday. During the oil crisis in 1973, there were autoloze zondagen [carless Sundays] where no cars were allowed to drive to conserve energy. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Concordans

A concordans is a translation table that gives you a mapping of a former numbering system to a newer numbering system. For example, a concordans may exist to show how old addresses translate to new addresses. I used such a table in my research into my great-grandmother Cornelia Francisca van den Heuvel to show that address C 453 in Breda was the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Chirurgijn

A chirurgijn is a barber or surgeon. In most towns most of the minor ailments were treated by a chirurgijn rather than a doctor with an academic educations. Chirurgijns learned their trade as apprentices. Larger cities had chirurgijnsgildes or surgeon guilds, that regulated entry to the trade and oversaw apprenticeships and master … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Niet beschikbaar

When you are using a Dutch website, you may come across the term niet beschikbaar, which means "not available." For example, you may see an image "bestand nog niet beschikbaar" [file not available yet] in an image bank where the description of the photo or map is available online, but the image itself isn't, either because of copyrights or because … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Dinsdag

Dinsdag is the Dutch word for Tuesday. The "Derde Dinsdag" [Third Tuesday] in September is the start of the parliamentary year, when the Crown announces the plans. … [Read more...]