Dutch term – Kleinkind

A kleinkind is a grandchild. The term literally translates to "small child." A kleinkind can be a kleindochter (granddaughter) or kleinzoon (grandson). … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Klerk

A klerk is a clerk, a civil servant. Sometimes you will see¬†klerk ter secretarie, which means a clerk at the administrative office of the municipality. You will often find clerks acting as witnesses in civil registration records, especially birth and death records. The informant of a death or birth record needed to have personal knowledge of the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Vrouwenkiesrecht

The term vrouwenkiesrecht means women's suffrage. Today it is exactly 100 years ago that women got the right to vote. The first elections were women actually got to vote was in 1920. General male suffrage was not that much older: only in 1917, men were given the right to vote without conditions on property or income. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Handschrift

The Dutch word handschrift has two meanings: handwriting and manuscript. The further we go back, the more difficult it is to get samples of our ancestors' handwriting, or know if they even could read and write. After 1811, civil registration birth, marriage, and death records include signatures of the parties, or a statement that they couldn't … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Veiling

A veiling is an auction. You can sometimes find announcements of auctions in the paper, for example if a family is about to emigrate and is auctioning off their household items they won't take with them. Such an auction would be called a boelgoed in Friesland. Sometimes, notarial or voluntary court records were created to record the conditions and … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Cijns

A cijns is the right to annual proceeds, similar to a rent. The rights could be attached to land or property, certain official functions, or rights in common grounds. In the Middle Ages up until say the 1700s, rents were often paid in kind, for example in grain. See the article about Rent registers for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Rekening

A rekening is an account or bill. Stadsrekeningen (city accounts) for example, record the income and expenses of a city. You can also find rekeningen in orphan chamber records, showing the assets and debts of an estate to determine the money owed to the orphans. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Onderwijzer

An onderwijzer was a teacher at a primary school. Appointments of teachers of public schools can often be found in the municipal administration or town records. Appointments of teachers of religious schools can often be found in the records of the church.   … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Tijdschrift

A tijdschrift is a magazine. Many Dutch tijdschriften have been digitized and are available on¬†Delpher. See the quick tip Find magazines and journals on Delpher for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Voorkind

A voorkind, literally a before-child, is a child born before the marriage. In the 1900s, this term was commonly used for a child born out of wedlock, before the mother was married. In the 1600s and 1700s, it could be used to describe the children of a previous marriage. For example, in a will, you may find a parent describing what to leave to … [Read more...]