Source – Records of the municipality

In 1812, the Netherlands had more than 1,100 different municipalities. Since then, many have merged so we have about 350 left. See the Gemeentegeschiedenis website for an overview of all the municipalities that ever existed.

Each of these municipalities created a wide range of records. Typical categories include:

  • Records created by mayors, aldermen, municipal council, such as minutes of meetings, correspondence, municipal reports
  • Various departments within the municipality
  • Personnel (civil servants, public school teachers, etc.)
  • Property owned by the municipality, such as the town hall, schools
  • Finances, including taxes
  • Residents (population registers)
  • Health and sanitation
  • Safety and police
  • Water management
  • Economy (including permits)
  • Welfare
  • Education
  • Defense (including militia records)

Typically, only the most popular of these records can be found online. The rest is available in the reading room of the local or regional archives, or can be ordered via scanning-on-demand.

Fragment of the Midwolda Head Tax records from 1901, showing a baker, carpenter, shopkeeper, butcher, farmer, and teacher, with their estimated income.

About Yvette Hoitink

Yvette Hoitink, CG® is a professional genealogist in the Netherlands. She holds the Certified Genealogist credential from the Board for Certification of Genealogists and has a post-graduate certificate in Family and Local History from the University of Dundee. She has been doing genealogy for over 30 years and helps people from across the world find their ancestors in the Netherlands. Read about Yvette's professional genealogy services.


  1. Matthew Newbold says

    Awesome website!! This makes understanding the composition of cities in the Netherlands so much easier.
    Thanks for sharing.

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