Groningen is a province in the North-East of the Netherlands. On the east it borders on Germany, on the west on Friesland, on the south on Drenthe and on the north on the North Sea.
The capital of Groningen is also called Groningen, sometimes called Groningen stad (Groningen city) to make the distinction clear.
The largest towns in Groningen are:
Genealogy in Groningen
Before 1811, most people in Groningen did not use any last names but used patronymics instead. If someone was called Bonne and his father was called Jan, he would be called Bonne Jans.
A rich source of information for Groningen before 1811 are the marriage contracts that were often drawn up. The marriage contracts often list a long list of relatives of the bride and groom te be. They can be found at the provincial archives, the Groninger Archieven. Some marriage contracts are available online at AlleGroningers.
The most important website for Groningen research is AlleGroningers. Contents include:
- Civil Registration records of births, marriages, death since 1811
- Church records of baptisms, marriages and burials before 1811
- Marriage contracts before 1811
- Population registers after 1850
- Emigration registers after 1848
- Death duties files after 1806
Emigration from Groningen
At the end of the 19th century, the crops were very poor in Groningen. That’s one of the reasons why many people emigrated to the United States. Most up them ended up around the Great Lakes, predominantly in Michigan.
Archives in Groningen
- Groninger Archieven, archives of the city and province of Groningen.
- Historisch Archief Midden-Groningen, regional archives for Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Menterwolde, and Slochteren.
- Groninger Archiefnet, finding aids of various archives in Groningen
- Archieven.nl, includes various finding aids and indexes of archives in Groningen.
Check the Groningen section of the Digital Resources website for more information.
Other websites for Groningen genealogy
- WieWasWie, national website.
- Open Archives, national website.
- Beeldbank Groningen, Groningen image bank.
- Groningen atlas of about 1865-1870. This atlas includes both a map of the entire province and detailed maps of all the municipalities.