Dutch term – 7ber, 7bris

In old records, you may find the word 7ber or 7bris for the month. This means "september" [Dutch] or Septembris [Latin]. The names of the months were established when the start of the year was in March and September was the seventh month. Do not confuse 7ber for July, the seventh month of our current calendar. … [Read more...]

Quick tip – Check the calendar

If you are dealing with a date between 1582 and 1701, please check the calendar. Different places in the Netherlands changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar at different times. The change made the calendar jump forward by 10 or 11 days. Sometimes, you can resolve a conflict in dates by checking the calendar. Someone born in Brabant on 5 December 1699 could be baptized in Gelderland on 1 December 1699, for example, because Gelderland was still using the Julian calendar which was 11 … [Read more...]

Quick tip – Handbook of dates

In the course of my Family and Local History studies at the University of Dundee, I purchased a recommended book: C.R. Cheney, ed., A Handbook of Dates for Students of British History, revised (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). While the title indicates it is meant for students of British history, most of the content is usable in the Netherlands too. Some of the topics I find especially useful for research in the Netherlands are: French Republican calendar, with the names of … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Heden

Heden means "on this day." You may encounter this term in birth or death records, in family announcements in newspapers, or in any other document where the date is also found elsewhere. … [Read more...]

Quick tip – Dutch Dates are day-month-year

In the Netherlands, and many other countries, dates are written day-month-year. So 3-11-2021 is 3 November 2021, not March 11. Many original records spell out the month to avoid confusion, but you may encounter dates with numbers for the month in genealogical publications. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Zomer

Zomer means summer.Traditionally, summer was the time for harvesting. Even outside the summer holidays, school attendance was lower in the summer in rural areas, because children were kept home to help bring the harvest in. Summer is a nice period to visit the Netherlands, although popular tourist destinations can be overcrowded. Opening hours of museums and tourist attractions are great during the summer, but beware that opening hours of archives may be reduced. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Schrikkeljaar

A schrikkeljaar is a leap year. Before 1582, the entire region that is now the Netherlands used the Julian calendar, in which every fourth year is a leap year. Between 1582 and 1700, the different provinces switched to the Gregorian calendar, in which centurial years are not leap years except when they are divisible by 400. This corrected the length of the year by 0.002% compared to the Julian calendar. Read more about the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in a tale of two calendars. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Wintermaand

Wintermaand (literally: Winter month) is the old word for December. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Slachtmaand

Slachtmaand literally means "slaughter month" and is the old word for November. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Wijnmaand

Wijnmaand literally means "wine month" and is the old word for October. … [Read more...]