Dutch term – Gevangene

A gevangene is a prisoner. Imprisonment as punishment became popular in the 1800s, after corporal punishment was largely abolished. For information about prisoners, see Source - Prison records. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Inwoner and bewoner

An inwoner is a resident of a location. For example, someone could be an inwoner of Amsterdam, or of the Netherlands. The word does not imply citizenship, just residence. A bewoner is a resident of a building. For example, someone could be a bewoner of a house or nursing home. … [Read more...]

Quick Tip – West-Friesland is not in Friesland

In the early Middle Ages, the whole area between the Zwin and Weser rivers was called Frisia/Friesland. The current province of Friesland in the Netherlands is in the middle of that region, but the former area of Frisia was much larger. To this day, part of the province of Noord-Holland is known as "West-Friesland" [West Frisia] and part of … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Gemeenteverslag

A gemeenteverslag is a municipal report. Since 1851, municipalities were required to write an annual report about the state of the municipality. These can be a great source of background information about your ancestors. See source: municipal report for more explanation about this source and how to use them. … [Read more...]

Quick tip – Check Both Archives For Civil Registration Records

When civil registration records are created, two original copies are made. They are duplicate originals and both have the same legal standing. One is kept at the local level, and can now often be found in municipal or regional archives. The other is kept at the provincial level, originally in court houses but now in the archives in the … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Onecht kind

An onecht kind is a child born out of wedlock. You may encounter the term in baptismal records or court records. Here are tips for finding the father of an illegitimate child. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Slachtoffer

The word slachtoffer means "victim" or "casualty." On 4 May, the Dutch commemorate the casualties since World War II. The 4 May date was chosen because 5 May is Liberation Day, the anniversary of the liberation of the Netherlands on 5 May 1945. We commemorate before we celebrate. Two years ago, I was at the National Genealogical Society … [Read more...]

Dutch term – “Ut Supra”

The term ut supra means "as above." It's actually not Dutch at all but Latin. It's used in records sometimes as a shorthand when the writer doesn't want to keep repeating the same information. When you see the term, you have to look at the previous entries to see what information it replaces. Example This question came up in the Dutch Genealogy … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Fout

Fout means "wrong" or "error." Dutch records are pretty reliable in general but we should always look for multiple independently created original records to prevent one error from leading us astray. In World War II, the word fout got a special meaning. It was used to indicate people who collaborated with the Germans. Many of them were prosecuted … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten

Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten or Domestic Armed Forces was a resistance organization in World War II. During World War II, there were many resistance local organizations working all over the country. When the liberation of the Netherlands started in September 1944, these organizations merged to form the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten. Head of the … [Read more...]