Dutch term – Beleg

A beleg is a siege. During the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648), many cities were besieged by either Dutch or Spanish troops. In several cases, whole cities were burned to the ground, an in some cases the population was massacred. Read Five Ways the Eighty Years War Affected Your Ancestors for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Bron

Bron is the Dutch term for "source." The word also means "spring," in the meaning of a place where water naturally comes to the surface. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Noord, Oost, Zuid, West

Oost-West [East-West] is the theme of the History Month in the Netherlands this year.┬áThe Dutch terms for the cardinal directions are: noord north oost east zuid south west west You may encounter these terms in deeds, where the location of the property is described in terms of its neighbors to the north, east, … [Read more...]

Source – Secret Register of Released Prisoners

A source with an intriguing name is the "Geheim Register van Ontslagen Gevangen" or the Secret Register of Released Prisoners. This register was kept from 1882 to 1896 and included the photos, personal details, and overview of crimes of the prisoners who would be released in the upcoming month even though they were still considered dangerous. This … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Marinier

A marinier is a marine. Muster rolls for marines from the period 1813-1940 can be found at the National Archives in The Hague. Some of the records were lost in World War II. The surviving records have been indexed (see "Marine"). See Finding your Maritime Ancestors for more information. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Armenzorg

Armenzorg means "care for the poor." You can often find it as a topic in finding aids. See poor relief in the Netherlands in the 1600s for background information about this subject. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Dominee

A dominee is a minister, a protestant clergyman. The word comes from the Latin dominus which means "mister" or "lord." Dominees can be found since the reformation in the 1500s. Most of the north-western parts of the Netherlands became Dutch Reformed, while many of the south-eastern parts remained Catholic. Dominees can be found in different … [Read more...]

Slave registers of Curacao now available online

The slave registers of Curacao (1839-1863) and the emancipation registers of Curacao (1863) are now available via the website of the National Archives of Curacao and National Archives of the Netherlands. … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Nedersaksisch

Nedersaksisch is the Dutch word for Low Saxon, a language spoken in the north-east of the Netherlands and across the eastern border in Germany. It has different dialects, including Gronings (in Groningen), Drents (in Drenthe), Twents (east of Overijssel), and Achterhoeks (east of Gelderland). In 1998 it was recognized as an official regional … [Read more...]

Dutch term – Pandemie

A pandemie is a pandemic. The 1918 Spanish flu pandemic hit the Netherlands pretty hard. About 38,000 people died. The province of Drenthe had the most cases. Here is an image of children going to school outdoors, in the dead of winter in 1918. … [Read more...]