Groningen

Traditional Groningen dressGroningen is a province in the North-East of the Netherlands. On the east it borders on Germany, on the west on Friesland, on the south on Drenthe and on the north on the North Sea.

The capital of Groningen is also called Groningen, sometimes called Groningen stad (Groningen city) to make the distinction clear.

The largest towns in Groningen are:

  • Groningen
  • Hoogezand-Sappemeer
  • Veendam
  • Winschoten
  • Delfzijl

Genealogy in Groningen

Before 1811, most people in Groningen did not use any last names but used patronymics instead. If someone was called Bonne and his father was called Jan, he would be called Bonne Jans.

A rich source of information for Groningen before 1811 are the marriage contracts that were often drawn up. The marriage contracts often list a long list of relatives of the bride and groom te be. They can be found at the provincial archives, the Groninger Archieven. Some marriage contracts are available online. Check the Groningen section of the Digital Resources website for more information.

Most of the genealogical information for Groningen for the nineteenth century can be found in WieWasWie. Background information can also be found at the website of the Groninger Archieven.

Emigration from Groningen

At the end of the 19th century, the crops were very poor in Groningen. That’s one of the reasons why many people emigrated to the United States. Most up them ended up around the Great Lakes, predominantly in Michigan.

Online images

There are a few online sources for images of Groningen:

Map

About Yvette Hoitink

Yvette Hoitink is a professional genealogist in the Netherlands. She has been doing genealogy for 20 years. Her expertise is helping people from across the world find their ancestors in the Netherlands. Read about Yvette's professional genealogy services.

Comments

  1. Mike Shults says:

    I am looking for people with the last name of Barsema I had relatives come from Holland in 1881
    Anna and Lambert were married in Holland and had 2 children when the came to the USA Lanbert’s father was Cornelius Barsema and mother Nellie.

  2. Does the Reitenga family come from Groeningen?
    We primarily live in Michigan
    Mark Reitenga
    248-670-4384

    • Reitenga is not a name that still exists in the Netherlands. It may be an Americanization of a Dutch name like Reitinga or Reidinga. Those names occur in Friesland and Groningen. You will need to research your male line until you find your immigrant ancestor and then find him in Dutch records to really be certain where your family comes from.

  3. Chantelle says:

    Hi, is the surname Van Greunen in anyway related to this city?

  4. Kally Juarez says:

    I’m interested in learning more about my family who emigrated from the Netherlands to the US after WWII…I searched the site, but there’s so much information! My grandma’s name was Geertje Hofman (changed to Kay Kortstra in the US), and her husband was Ralph (Ralf?) Kortstra. Any advice on where to begin? Thank you in advance!

  5. Lori Vander Molen Smith says:

    I am trying to find my Great-Grandmother’s grave. She died on 10 Jun 1893 in Scheemda, Groningen. Her husband and children immigrated to Michigan shortly after her death. Is there any way to find where she is buried?

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